What is Anal Fissure ?
An anal fissure is a small tear in the thin, moist tissue that lines the anal opening. An anal fissure could occur when you pass hard or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal fissures generally cause bleeding and pain with bowel movements. You also may experience a start in the ring of muscle at the end of your anal opening.
Anal fissures are very common in young baby but can affect people of any age. Most anal fissures get better with normal treatments, such as gained fiber intake or sitz baths. Some people with anal fissures might need medication or, occasionally, surgery.
Symptoms and signs of an anal fissure include :-
- Pain, sometimes severe, during bowel movements
- Pain after bowel movements that could last up to several hours
- Bright red blood on the toilet paper or stool after a bowel movement
- A visible crack in the skin around the anal opening
- A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the fissure in anal opening.
Common causes of anal fissure include :-
- Passing large or hard stools
- Constipation and straining during bowel movements
- Chronic diarrhea
- Anal intercourse
Less common causes of anal fissures include :-
- Crohn’s disease or another inflammatory bowel disease
- Anal cancer
Risk Factors :-
Factors that may increase your risk of developing an fissure in anal include :-
- Constipation :- Weaken during bowel movements and passing hard stools increase the risk of tearing.
- Childbirth :- fissures in anal are more common in women after they give birth.
- Crohn’s disease :- This provoking bowel disease causes chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract, which may make the lining of the anal canal more vulnerable to tearing.
- Anal intercourse.
- Age :- Anal fissures could occur at any age, but are more common in infants and middle-aged adults.
Complications of anal fissure can include :-
- Failure to heal :- An anal fissure that fails to heal within eight weeks is considered chronic and may need several treatment.
- Recurrence :- Once you’ve experienced an anal fissure, you are open to having another one.
- A tear that extends to surrounding muscles :- An anal fissure may extend into the ring of muscle that holds your anal opening closed (internal anal sphincter), making it more difficult for your anal fissure to heal. An unhealed fissure can trigger a cycle of discomfort that may require surgery or medications to reduce the pain and to repair or remove the fissure.
Home Treatment For Anal Fissure :-
Along with complete medication, some supportive measures help in overall recovery from the anal fissure. They are listed below :-
- Eat a healthy diet: In most of the cases of the anal fissure, constipation is the underlying cause. To keep away from constipation, eat more fruits, green vegetables, cereals, whole grains, etc. Avoid deep-fried, oily, bakery products, alcohol, coffee, etc. from the diet. Drink a minimum 8 glasses of water a day.
- Avoid using aluminum vessels for cooking any food. Long-term use of aluminum may lead to constipation, leading to poisoning.
- Laxatives or purgatives are habit-forming. When you use aperient for a long time and once you stop using them, it may lead to more severe constipation.
- Use warm baths or Sitz baths, which may help to relieve the pain and promote healing. (Use 8 inches of warm water in the bathtub 3 or 4 times a day for 5-10 minutes.) Do not use very hot water.
- Exercise regularly: Regular exercise helps to avoid constipation.
- Do not suppress the desire of passing stools, as this may result in large and hard stools and cause injury to the anal mucosa. Avoid straining at stools.
- Keep the anal area dry and clean to avoid infection.
Homeopathic Treatment For Anal Fissure :-
As per our experience, Homeopathy is highly effective and recommended in treating all forms of the anal fissure. It is possible to avoid surgery in many cases of the anal fissure if homeopathic treatment is administered at the proper time. As per our experience in treating different cases of the anal fissure, in over 80% cases, homeopathic treatment has proved effective.
How Homeopathy Can Help In Anal Fissure :-
- Homeopathic treatment is based on a separate case study and a detailed evaluation of the case. During the homeopathic case study, presenting causation, symptoms of the anal fissure, past medical history of the patient, the family history, patient’s lifestyle, mental state of the patient, and present and past treatment is taken into consideration. Hence, homeopathy medicines selected after this corrects the root cause of the disease and heals the disease at a deep level.
- Homeopathic medicines facilitate healing and improve the blood circulation to the anal skin. It also relieves you of the anal contractionand gives relief in the pain.
- Homeopathic medicines correct the underlying disturbed digestive system, such as the likelihood for chronic constipation.
- The results obtained with homeopathic treatment are long-lasting.
- It is possible to avoid surgery in many cases of the anal fissure if homeopathic treatment administered at the proper time.
- If needed, initially, homeopathic treatment can be taken in association with indicative conventional medication.
- Homeopathic treatment is completely safe, highly effective, harmless and non-toxic.
- Homeopathic medicines are non-habit-forming.
Duration of Homeopathy Treatment :-
Most patients show a significant improvement in about 40-45 days. The total duration of the homeopathic treatment differs from patient to patient. Duration of the treatment depends on the following parts:-
- The duration of suffering: since when the patient is suffering from a anal fissure
- Type of anal fissure: Acute, chronic, or recurrent
- Cause of anal fissure
- The lifestyle of the patient
- Underlying disease conditions (chronic constipation, IBS, Ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease, etc.)
- The general health of the patient
- Dependency on laxatives or other conventional treatment.
Commonly Prescribed Homeopathic Medicines In Anal Fissure :-
Some of the commonly prescribed homeopathic medicines for anal fissure are Graphites, Nitric acid, Silicia, Natrum Muriaticum, etc. Graphites :- People likely to respond to this remedy have tough or leathery skin with cracks and soreness, and often have a long-term history of skin disorders (impetigo, herpes, etc.) The areas behind the ears, around the mouth, or on the hands are often cracked, with a golden oozing discharge that hardens into crusts. Itching is worse from getting warm in bed, and the person will often scratch the irritated places till they bleed. Difficulty concentrating, especially in the morning, is often seen in a person who needs Graphites. Nitric acid :- Homeopathic medicine Nitric Acid is prepared from Nitric Acid, HNO3 also known as ‘aqua fortis’ through the potentization process (a process by which homeopathic medicines are prepared). With this process the latent medicinal properties of Nitric Acid are extracted. It has been used since ages to treat warts and skin ulcers. In homeopathy, it very effectively manages complaint of anal fissures. Silicea :- The homeopathy remedy Silicea is derived from Silica or Silicic oxide from the Mineral Kingdom. The mineral silica in its crude state is inert and insoluble. When potentized according to the formula of Homeopathy, that is a process where the latent medicinal powers of a drug are aroused, it becomes one of the most valuable drugs of Homeopathic materia medica. It is also known very commonly as Quartz.Silica is present naturally in our body as well; in the bones, nerve sheaths, skin, nails, etc. It has the capability to replace a surgeon’s knife by its remarkable action. Natrum Muriaticum :- Natrum Muriaticum, is a remedy prepared from sea salt and is commonly used for headaches which recur at the same time each day. They may be brought on by overexposure to the sun. Useful remedy for clear runny eyes, noses and also for cold sores.